How Many States in Mexico: Quick Guide

Mexico is a large country located in North America, consisting of thirty-one states and a Federal District. The states are diverse in terms of geography, culture, and attractions. Let’s explore each state and their unique characteristics.

Key Takeaways:

  • Mexico has a total of 31 states and a Federal District.
  • Each state in Mexico offers diverse geography, culture, and attractions.
  • The states in Mexico are known for their historical sites, stunning beaches, natural landscapes, and vibrant cities.
  • Some of the popular states in Mexico include Aguascalientes, Baja California, Chiapas, Chihuahua, and Estado de Mexico.
  • Exploring the states of Mexico allows you to immerse yourself in the rich history and beauty of the country.

Aguascalientes: Exploring the Historical and Cultural Delights

Aguascalientes, located in the northern part of Mexico’s Bajío region, is a fascinating state renowned for its rich historical and cultural heritage. With numerous buildings and monuments, this charming state offers a glimpse into Mexico’s vibrant past.

The name “Aguascalientes” translates to “hot waters” in Spanish, a fitting tribute to the hot springs discovered by the region’s first settlers. These natural thermal springs continue to attract visitors seeking relaxation and wellness.

One of the highlights of Aguascalientes is the famous San Marcos Fair, considered one of the largest fairs in Mexico. This annual event, held in honor of San Marcos, the patron saint of the state, showcases the region’s rich traditions, including rodeos, music performances, culinary delights, and vibrant festivities.

“Aguascalientes offers a captivating blend of history, culture, and natural beauty. From exploring the architectural marvels to immersing in the vibrant atmosphere of the San Marcos Fair, there’s no shortage of experiences to enjoy in this hidden gem of a state.”

Venture into Aguascalientes and discover a land brimming with charm, where historical landmarks harmoniously coexist with modern developments, and the spirit of Mexican culture comes alive.

Key Attractions in Aguascalientes

  • Plaza de la Patria: The heart of Aguascalientes, this picturesque square is surrounded by magnificent buildings and serves as a meeting point for locals and tourists alike.
  • Catedral Basilica de Nuestra Señora de la Asunción: Immerse yourself in the architectural splendor of this stunning cathedral, a testament to the city’s rich religious heritage.
  • Museo Nacional de la Muerte: Delve into Mexico’s vibrant Day of the Dead traditions and explore the fascinating exhibits that pay homage to this beloved cultural celebration.
  • Jardín de San Marcos: Take a leisurely stroll through this beautiful garden, located in the heart of the city, and enjoy the peaceful ambiance and lush greenery.
  • Teatro Morelos: Culture enthusiasts will appreciate a visit to this neoclassical theater, which hosts a variety of performances, including theatrical plays, concerts, and dance shows.

Distinctive Cuisine of Aguascalientes

Aguascalientes boasts a culinary scene that showcases the state’s unique flavors and traditions. Feast on delectable dishes such as gorditas, enchiladas potosinas, and caldillo, each offering a delightful blend of local ingredients and culinary expertise.

Whether you’re exploring the historical sites, indulging in the local cuisine, or immersing yourself in the vibrant festivities, Aguascalientes promises an unforgettable experience that truly embodies the essence of Mexico.

Fact Detail
Location North of Mexico’s Bajío region
Capital Aguascalientes City
Population Approximately 1.3 million
Main Attractions San Marcos Fair, Plaza de la Patria, Catedral Basilica de Nuestra Señora de la Asunción, Museo Nacional de la Muerte

Baja California

Baja California is a state located in the northwestern part of Mexico. It is known for its stunning beaches, deserts, and forests. The state is bounded by the Pacific Ocean to the west, Sonora and Arizona, USA to the east, and Baja California Sur to the south. The Baja California peninsula is one of the longest in the world, offering a diverse range of natural attractions.

Baja California Peninsula

Discover the Natural Beauty of Baja California

Baja California is a paradise for beach lovers. With its pristine coastline stretching along the Pacific Ocean, the state boasts some of the most breathtaking beaches in Mexico. From the popular resort town of Rosarito Beach to the secluded coves of Bahía de los Ángeles, there’s a beach for every traveler.

For nature enthusiasts, Baja California’s diverse landscapes offer endless opportunities for exploration. The state is home to the iconic desert of El Vizcaíno, a UNESCO World Heritage Site known for its unique biodiversity. Adventure seekers can also visit Sierra de San Pedro Mártir, the highest peak in Baja California, and experience the beauty of its pine forests.

Immerse Yourself in the Vibrant Culture

Baja California is not only known for its natural beauty but also for its vibrant culture. The state is home to numerous festivals and events that showcase the rich heritage of the region. One of the most famous events is the Festival Internacional de Cine de Todos Santos, a film festival that attracts filmmakers and movie enthusiasts from around the world.

The beauty and culture of Baja California make it a must-visit destination for travelers seeking an authentic Mexican experience.

Indulge in Culinary Delights

Baja California is a culinary hotspot, known for its fresh seafood, delectable street food, and world-class wineries. Ensenada, located on the coast, is renowned for its mouthwatering fish tacos and ceviche. The region’s wineries produce award-winning wines recognized globally, making it a haven for wine enthusiasts.

For those seeking a unique gastronomic experience, the city of Tijuana offers a thriving food scene. From traditional Mexican dishes with a modern twist to fusion cuisine from around the world, Tijuana is a culinary paradise that will tantalize your taste buds.

Experience Adventure and Thrills

Baja California is a playground for adventure enthusiasts. The state offers a wide range of activities, including surfing, snorkeling, kayaking, and whale watching. The pristine waters of the Sea of Cortez are teeming with marine life, making it the perfect destination for underwater exploration.

If you are up for a thrilling adventure, make sure to visit Valle de Guadalupe, often referred to as the “Napa Valley of Mexico.” This wine region offers not only exquisite wines but also thrilling zip-line tours that allow you to take in breathtaking views of the vineyards.

Whether you are looking for a relaxing beach getaway, a cultural immersion, or an adrenaline-pumping adventure, Baja California has something for everyone. Plan your trip to this captivating state and discover why it is a beloved destination for travelers from around the world.

Baja California Sur

Baja California Sur is a captivating state located on the southern end of the Baja California peninsula. With its picturesque coastline, stunning beaches, and abundance of sunshine, it is a true paradise for beach lovers and outdoor enthusiasts. The state offers a perfect blend of natural beauty and modern amenities, making it a popular destination for travelers from around the world.

One of the highlights of Baja California Sur is the vibrant city of Cabo San Lucas. Situated at the tip of the peninsula, Cabo San Lucas boasts breathtaking landscapes, including dramatic cliffs, crystal-clear waters, and the iconic El Arco rock formation. It is also known for its luxurious beach resorts, world-class golf courses, and vibrant nightlife. Whether you’re looking to relax on the beach, enjoy water sports, or indulge in fine dining and shopping, Cabo San Lucas has it all.

Another gem in Baja California Sur is the charming town of San Jose del Cabo. Just a short drive from Cabo San Lucas, San Jose del Cabo offers a more laid-back and traditional Mexican atmosphere. Its quaint streets are lined with colorful colonial buildings, art galleries, and boutique shops. Visitors can explore the historic town center, visit the Mission San Jose church, or dine at one of the many excellent restaurants offering delicious local cuisine.

Key Highlights of Baja California Sur Attractions
Cabo San Lucas El Arco, Medano Beach, Land’s End
San Jose del Cabo Historic town center, Mission San Jose church, Art galleries
La Paz Malecon boardwalk, Espiritu Santo Island, Whale watching
Loreto Mision de Nuestra Senora de Loreto, Sea of Cortez, Sportfishing

Aside from Cabo San Lucas and San Jose del Cabo, Baja California Sur offers many other enchanting destinations to explore. The capital city, La Paz, is known for its tranquil beaches, lively waterfront promenade, and abundant marine life. It is perfect for snorkeling, diving, and whale watching. The historic town of Loreto, on the eastern coast of the peninsula, is a hidden gem with its well-preserved mission, stunning beaches, and opportunities for outdoor adventures.

Whether you’re seeking relaxation, adventure, or a mix of both, Baja California Sur is the perfect destination. With its breathtaking natural beauty, charming towns, and world-class resorts, it continues to captivate travelers seeking an unforgettable experience in Mexico.

baja california sur mexico

Historic Sites in Campeche

Campeche is home to a plethora of historic sites that offer a glimpse into its captivating past. Here are a few must-visit attractions:

  1. San Miguel Fort: This fortress played a crucial role in defending Campeche City from pirate invasions. Explore its well-preserved ramparts, cannons, and underground tunnels.
  2. Cathedral of Campeche: Admire the grandeur of this 16th-century cathedral, with its impressive Baroque and Moorish-style architecture. Step inside to appreciate its ornate altarpieces and beautiful paintings.
  3. Puerta de Tierra: Discover the iconic Puerta de Tierra, one of the original gates in Campeche’s defensive wall. Take a walk along the wall for panoramic views of the city and the Gulf of Mexico.
  4. Baluartes: These fortified bastions, strategically located along the city’s walls, provide a fascinating insight into Campeche’s military history. Some of the baluartes have been transformed into museums showcasing archaeological artifacts and local heritage.

Campeche is not only rich in history but also blessed with breathtaking natural beauty. Explore its pristine beaches, lush jungles, and serene mangrove forests. Indulge in water sports, birdwatching, or simply relax on the sun-kissed shores.

With its captivating blend of history, culture, and natural wonders, Campeche offers a truly remarkable experience for visitors.


Chiapas is a culturally rich state located in the southeastern part of Mexico. Known for its stunning natural beauty, vibrant indigenous communities, and historical treasures, Chiapas offers a truly unique experience for visitors.

The state of Chiapas is home to the famous Maya ruins of Palenque, an archaeological site that showcases the grandeur of the ancient Maya civilization. Exploring the well-preserved temples and intricate carvings at Palenque is like stepping back in time and immersing yourself in history.

chiapas mexico

Natural Attractions

Coahuila is home to stunning natural attractions that draw visitors from around the world. The Sierra del Carmen mountain range offers breathtaking landscapes and opportunities for outdoor activities such as hiking and rock climbing.

The hot pools of Cuatrociénegas are another natural wonder in Coahuila. These unique pools are teeming with life and are considered an ecological treasure.

Coal Reserves

Coahuila is renowned for its vast coal reserves, making it a significant player in Mexico’s energy sector. The state’s coal industry has contributed to the growth and development of the region.

Economic Industries

In addition to coal production, Coahuila’s economy thrives on various industries. The automobile industry, in particular, has a strong presence in the state, contributing to its economic stability and providing employment opportunities for many residents.

Silver and Gold Production

Coahuila is also known for its silver and gold production. The state’s mining industry plays a crucial role in Mexico’s overall mineral output.


Colima is a small state located in the western part of Mexico. Situated along the Pacific coast, Colima is known for its stunning beaches, picturesque landscapes, and rich cultural heritage. This charming state offers visitors a unique blend of natural beauty and historical significance.

One of the highlights of Colima is the city of Manzanillo, which is often referred to as the “Sailfish Capital of the World.” This vibrant coastal city is famous for its world-class fishing and stunning waterfront resorts. Visitors can enjoy a range of activities such as deep-sea fishing, snorkeling, and relaxing on the pristine beaches.

Another notable feature of Colima is the city of Tecoman, hailed as the “Lemon Capital of the World.” With its ideal climate and fertile soil, Tecoman produces a significant amount of lemons, making it a leading player in the global lemon industry.

Colima is also home to several archaeological sites that offer a glimpse into the region’s ancient history. One of the most prominent sites is the archaeological zone of Colima, where visitors can explore ancient ruins and learn about the indigenous cultures that once thrived in the area.

In addition to its natural and historical attractions, Colima boasts a high standard of living and a welcoming community. The state’s capital city, also named Colima, is known for its well-preserved colonial architecture and vibrant cultural scene.

Key Highlights of Colima:

  • Breathtaking beaches and waterfront resorts in Manzanillo.
  • Tecoman’s status as the “Lemon Capital of the World.”
  • Archaeological sites showcasing indigenous cultures.
  • Colima’s rich colonial architecture and vibrant cultural scene.

With its natural beauty, historical treasures, and warm hospitality, Colima offers visitors a memorable and enriching experience.

Colima State

The state of Durango boasts a rich cultural and historical heritage, with colonial areas that showcase its past. Durango is also a popular destination for filmmakers, with its picturesque landscapes serving as the backdrop for various movies and TV shows.

The capital city of Durango is Victoria de Durango, named after Guadalupe Victoria, the first President of Mexico. This vibrant city is filled with architectural marvels, museums, and bustling markets that provide visitors with a taste of Durango’s vibrant culture.

Scenic Landscapes and Cultural Heritage

Durango offers a diverse range of landscapes for outdoor enthusiasts and nature lovers. From towering mountains and deep canyons to picturesque valleys and crystal-clear lakes, the state’s natural beauty is unparalleled.

Aside from its natural wonders, Durango is home to numerous archaeological sites that depict its rich history, including indigenous settlements and ancient ruins. Exploring these sites provides a deeper understanding of the region’s cultural heritage.

With its rugged terrain, cultural significance, and fascinating history, Durango has something to offer every traveler. Whether you’re an adventure seeker, history buff, or nature enthusiast, this captivating state will leave a lasting impression.

Exploring Durango

When visiting Durango, make sure to:

  • Take a scenic train ride on the Ferrocarril Chihuahua al Pacifico to admire the breathtaking landscapes of the Copper Canyon.
  • Visit the vibrant markets of Victoria de Durango to experience the local culture and taste traditional cuisine.
  • Explore the historical center of Durango City, where you’ll find impressive colonial architecture and charming cobblestone streets.
  • Embark on a hiking or biking adventure in the Sierra Madre Occidental mountain range.
  • Attend one of Durango’s many festivals and cultural events to immerse yourself in the local traditions and celebrations.

Whether you’re seeking outdoor adventures, cultural experiences, or a glimpse into Mexico’s fascinating history, Durango has it all. Plan your visit to this captivating state and discover the enchanting “Land of Scorpions.”

Estado de Mexico

Estado de Mexico, or the State of Mexico, is the most populous state in Mexico and surrounds the Federal District of Mexico City. This vibrant state is rich in history and offers a wide range of attractions for visitors to explore.

One of the highlights of Estado de Mexico is the ancient city of Teotihuacan. This archaeological site predates the Aztecs and Toltecs and is home to awe-inspiring pyramids, including the famous Pyramid of the Sun and the Pyramid of the Moon. Visitors can climb these majestic structures and experience panoramic views of the surrounding area.

Another must-visit destination in Estado de Mexico is the city of Toluca. Known for its colonial architecture and charming streets, Toluca offers a glimpse into Mexico’s history. The city is also surrounded by breathtaking natural landscapes, including the stunning Toluca Valley and its picturesque lakes and mountains.

Estado de Mexico is a treasure trove for history enthusiasts, adventure seekers, and nature lovers alike. With its diverse archaeological sites, natural beauty, and colonial charm, this state is a major tourist destination in Mexico. Whether you’re exploring the ancient ruins of Teotihuacan or strolling through the historic streets of Toluca, Estado de Mexico is sure to captivate you with its rich cultural heritage.


How many states are there in Mexico?

Mexico consists of thirty-one states and a Federal District.

Can you provide a list of the Mexican states?

The Mexican states are Aguascalientes, Baja California, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Durango, Estado de Mexico (State of Mexico), Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico City, Michoacán, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatán, and Zacatecas.

What are some interesting facts about the state of Aguascalientes?

Aguascalientes is a small state located in the northern part of Mexico’s Bajío region. It is known for its hot springs and historical and cultural heritage, including numerous buildings and monuments. Aguascalientes hosts the San Marcos Fair, one of the largest fairs in Mexico.

What are the main attractions of Baja California?

Baja California is known for its stunning beaches, deserts, and forests. The state offers diverse natural attractions, including the Baja California peninsula, which is one of the longest in the world.

What makes Baja California Sur a popular tourist destination?

Baja California Sur is known for its enviable climate, beautiful beaches, and the popular tourist destinations of Cabo San Lucas and San Jose del Cabo. The state offers a relaxed and tranquil atmosphere compared to other parts of Mexico.

What are some highlights of the state of Campeche?

Campeche is located in southeastern Mexico and is known for its well-preserved colonial buildings and historic fortifications in the capital city of Campeche City. The state’s strategic location along the Gulf of Mexico has made it a target for pirate attacks in the past, resulting in the construction of defensive walls around the city.

What can visitors expect to see in Chiapas?

Chiapas is a culturally rich state known for its majestic forests, indigenous populations, and archaeological sites. Visitors can explore famous Maya ruins like Palenque and enjoy the charm of the colonial city of San Cristobal de las Casas. The state is also popular for eco-tourism and hiking in the Lacandon Jungle.

Why is Chihuahua significant?

Chihuahua is the largest state in Mexico and offers diverse landscapes, including the famous Copper Canyon, which is larger and deeper than the Grand Canyon in the United States. The state is also known for its rich flora and fauna, with more forests than any other Mexican state.

What are some notable features of Coahuila?

Coahuila is Mexico’s third-largest state and is known for its vast coal reserves, automobile industry, and silver and gold production. The state’s capital city, Saltillo, is a vibrant cultural and economic hub. Coahuila is also home to natural attractions like the Sierra del Carmen mountain range and the hot pools of Cuatrociénegas.

What makes Colima unique?

Colima is a small state known for its high standard of living, beautiful beaches, and historical port. The city of Tecoman in Colima is revered as the “World’s Lemon Capital” due to its long history of lemon production. The state also boasts archaeological sites and traditional architecture in charming towns like Colama.

What are some interesting facts about Durango?

Durango is the fourth-largest state in Mexico and is known as the “Land of Scorpions” for its diverse species of scorpions. The state has a rich cultural and historical heritage, with colonial areas and film-making locations. The capital city, Victoria de Durango, is named after the first President of Mexico, Guadalupe Victoria.

What are some notable attractions in the Estado de Mexico?

Estado de Mexico, surrounding the Federal District of Mexico City, is the most populous state in Mexico. It is home to the ancient city of Teotihuacan, the Toluca Valley, and diverse archaeological sites, natural landscapes, and colonial architecture. Popular attractions include the Teotihuacan Pyramids and the historic city of Toluca.